Germany 1pf stamps
 


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Germany also offers a challenge in that it was two countries for about half of the last century (it was a lot more than two for most of the rest of its postal history - see Timelines.) The plan is, therefore, to start with the German Empire in 1872, through to the end of WW2, ignore the occupation issues, then track East and West Germany in parallel from 1949 until reunification in 1990.
The next problem is the values. Germany was using other currencies in 1872 and thereafter, there were only five 1pf stamps in 84 years. I might therefore have to abandon the subject of the page before I have started and opt for 3pf stamps which seem to be the lowest common denomination (to coin a phrase).

After further consideration, I have decided that, although displaying 3pfs or 5pfs would give better coverage, neither would cover the whole period comprehensively and so I will stick with the 1pfs. On the 1 Mark stamps (and can anyone tell my why many stamps have been denominated 100pf rather than 1M or DM or RM?) there is a period of West Germany where this must have been the standard rate - at that point I only cover definitives; East Germany issued a lot of 1DMs around the same time, perhaps harmonising the rates before reunification. I am also ignoring the many East Germany 1m miniature sheets.

 

1 pfennig stamps etc.

German Empire 1871 - 1918
1872
Sc4 SG5
1 groschen rose-carmine
£250 / £6.50

1872
Sc7 SG8
1 kreuzer yellow-green
£600 / £55

The pfennig was introduced in 1875. In this period, there were two currency systems operating, 30 Groschen = 1 Thaler (Northern areas) and 90 Kreuzer = 1 Gulden (Southern

1 groschen also issued imperforate, Sc4a SG5b, £6,500

Images from a  Württembergisches Auktionshaus catalogue.

1872
Sc17 SG19
1 groschen rose-carmine
£48 / £1.60

1872
Sc21 SG23
1 kreuzer yellow-green
£35 / £29

The first issue is Type A, eagle with small shield. There was also this 1872 issue showing the eagle with a large shield

 

There is also an Sc21a, SG23 colour variant pale blue-green, £70 / £65

Images from a  Württembergisches Auktionshaus catalogue.

    There were no 1 pfennig stamps in the German Empire Period
    Weimar Republic 1918 - 1933
    none
    Hitler's Third Reich 1933 - 1945
1933
Sc415 SG493b
1pf black
25p / 40p
President von Hindenburg
1941
Sc506 SG769
1pf grey
5p / 5p
 
    West Germany 1949 - 1990
1955
Sc SG1152
1pf grey-brown
5p / 5p
1959 SG1152b booklet perf variant
    East Germany 1949 - 1990
1950
Sc SG-E20
1pf grey
£5 / £2
250th anniversary of the Academy of Sciences, Berlin
1953
Sc SG-E120
1pf brownish black
£1 / 35p
Miner

1953 SG-E153 colour variant

 

1 Mark (etc.) stamps

German Empire 1871 - 1918
1900
Sc SG62A
1m carmine-red
£50 / 90p
  SG62B perf variant
1902
Sc SG77A
1m carmine-red
£200 / £1.25
General Post Office, Berlin

SG77B perf variant

    Weimar Republic 1918 - 1933
1920
Sc SG127
1m carmine and grey
25p / 40p
Bavaria overprint
1920
Sc SG149
1m green and violet
5p / 12p
 
1921
Sc SG162
100pf green
20p / 65p
   
1923
Sc SG223
1m two greens
10p / £1.25
   
    At this point, hyper-inflation began, resulting in stamps being issued denominated in  millions and billions of marks. Monetary order was restored with the introduction of gold currency
1923
Sc SG357
100pf  purple
£6 / 55p
 
1924
Sc SG362
100pf  purple
£20 / £28
   
1924
Sc SG376
1m green
£15 / £2.40
Rheinstein
1926
Sc SG397
1m rose and black
£14 / £4.50
   
1931
Sc SG443
1m carmine
£18 / £24
Airmail. Overprint images from Württembergisches Auktionshaus catalogue

There were two subsequent expensive overprints:
1931 SG469 £75 / £65, Polar flight
1933 SG510 £350 / £250, Chicago Exhibition flight

    Hitler's Third Reich 1933 - 1945
1933
Sc SG509A
100pf black and yellow
£17 / £6.50
1934 SG509B £4 / 40p watermark variant (illustrated)
1934
Sc SG534
100pf black 
£2 / £1
 
1942
Sc SG799A
1rm blackish green
£1.25 / 8p
1942 SG799B 15p / 20p perforation variant
    West Germany 1949 - 1990
1954
Sc SG1120
1dm olive-green
£2 / 5p
1959 SG1152b booklet perf variant
1961
Sc SG1275
1dm bluish violet
70p / 5p
 
1966
Sc SG1378
1dm prussian blue
85p / 5p
 
1970
Sc SG1546
1dm yellow-olive
45p / 5p
 
1972
Sc SG1604
100pf olive
£1.75 / 5p
Accident prevention, crate on hoist
1975
Sc SG1748
100pf deep brown
60p / 10p
Lignite excavator
1986
Sc SG2157
100pf grey and red
75p / 10p
Therese Giehse, actress
1986 ?
Sc SG2157a
100pf bistre and lilac
90p / 28p
Luise Henriette of Orange, mother of King Friedrich I of Prussia
1987
Sc SG2213
100pf green and orange
95p / 15p
Pilgrimage Chapel, Altotting

SG2213a coil perforation variant

1989
Sc SG2272
100pf multi
£2 / 60p
 
1990
Sc SG2322
100pf blue, black and red
£1.25 / 30p
   
    Reunification

In 1990, East and West Germany Reunified. Shortly thereafter,  100pf became the standard rate of post, so definitives only.

1990
Sc SG2327
100pf black, red and yellow
£1.60p / 45p
Reunification
1995
Sc SG2656
100pf blue and black
80p / 55p
Goethe-Schiller Monument, Weimar
1995
Sc SG2993
100pf blue and brown
80p / 55p
Schwerin Castle
    In 2002, Germany adopted Euros and cents as its new currency. There are no €1 or 1c stamps in the catalogues I have available.
     
    East Germany 1949 - 1990
1950
Sc SG-E12
1dm  brown-olive
£32 / £4.50
   
1952
Sc SG-E71
1dm sage-green
£13 / £8
  1953 SG-E153 colour variant
1953
Sc SG-E99
1dm olive-green
£8 / 5p
  1955 SG-E100 £13 / 5p colour variant, deep bronze-green
1957
Sc SG-E320
1dm deep bronze-green
50p / 25p
President Pieck
1957
Sc SG-E354
1dm olive and yellow
£1.30 / 5p
airmail
1959
Sc SG-E464
1dm brown
25p / 35p
East Germany's first nuclear reactor.
1963
Sc SG-E586
1dm bronze-green
60p / 30p
Walter Ulbricht
1972
Sc SG-E1470
1m multi
95p / £1.20
Tailfin of Interflug airliner
1973
Sc SG-E1545
1m deep olive
60p / 5p
Soviet War Memorial, Treptow

1974 SG-E1550a 70p / 50p colour, printing and perf coil variant

1973
Sc SG-E1550a
1m deep olive
60p / 5p
size, colour, printing and perf coil variant of SG-E1545
1980
Sc SG-E2209
1m deep olive
60p / 20p
Another size change
1982
Sc SG-E2465
1m black and blue
50p / 50p
Airmail
1990
Sc SG-E3046
1m red
95p / 75p
   
1990
Sc SG-E3061
1m multi
£1.10 / £1.40
  East Germany's last stamp

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page started 5th March 2005