First Issues - China

page 5

Chinese Provinces

  Yunnan SG1 Sc1 Manchuria SG1 Sc1
Sinkiang Yunnan Manchuria,
Kirin & Heilungchang
SG1 Sc1
15th August 1926
SG1 Sc1
18th March 1927
SG1 Sc1
SG1 Sc1

As noted in the introduction, in the first half of 20th century, internal unrest was caused by growing communist factions that eventually took power after WW2 but in the meantime give rise to fragmented and localised postal services.

There is broad agreement between Gibbons and Scott on the listings: Manchuria (1927), Sinkiang (1915), Szechwan (1933) and Yunnan (1926) (Gibbons subdivides Manchuria between Kirin & Heilungchangand and a 1946 entry for North-Eastern Provinces, but I will leave the latter to one side for now).

In all four cases, Gibbons cites financial problems as the reason for the separate issue, the local currency losing value against standard silver coinage.

All the issues are overprints with three selling for around $1/20c and Manchuria for $7/70c.

Japanese Occupation


Manchukuo SG1 Sc1        
first issue
26th July 1932
SG1 Sc1
1934 SG23 Sc37
First anniv. of the republic
1933 SG19 Sc19
1934 SG32 Sc32
1936 SG93 Sc-C1

After the Russo-Japanese War, Japan took over the lease of Port Arthur and Dairen from Russia and stationed troops in the area to guard the South Manchurian Railway. In 1931 the troops seized the whole of Manchuria and declared it independent as Manchukuo in 1932. At first a state, Pu Yi (the last emperor of China) was appointed Chief Executive and in 1934 enthroned as emperor.
The first issue, depicting the White Pagoda, Liaoyang, has five characters in the top banner reading 'Manchu State Postal Administration', while the 1934 varient with six characters reads 'Manchu Empire Postal Administration'.

Occupation Issues

        China North-Eastern Provinces SG1 Sc1
Kwangtung Mengkiang North China Nanking and Shanghai North-Eastern Provinces
13th June 1942
SG1 Sc1N1
first overprint
1st July 1941
SG1A Sc2N1
first overprint
first overprint
23rd December 1941
SG1 Sc
first overprint
February 1946
SG1 Sc1
  first real stamp
16th April 1943
SG104 Sc2N94
first real stamp
30th March 1945
SG194 Sc8N109
first real stamp
30th March 1944
SG114 Sc9N101
first real stamp
Dr. Sun Yat-sen
SG17 Sc12

Gibbons identifies four areas of occupation during WW2. All begin with overprints and that is as far as Kwangtung gets, but the other WW2 entries managed real stamps and those are sought too.
There are numerous local subdivisions for North China, but those are beyond the scope of this exercise: the stamp shown is for ??? (maybe the general issue SG85 Sc8N1).
It is difficult to tie up the initial Nanking and Shanghai issues between Gibbons and Scott and so the stamp to be sought and shown has not yet been decided.
Scott's sensible positioning of the Northeastern Provinces issues here rather than with the earlier provincials is followed.


page started March 2014