First Issues - China

page 3

Foreign Post Offices in China

This is copied from the first Occupations display with additions to be included in the second when that is written.

France made a general issue plus seven for specific locations (Gibbons notes that these were administered by the French colony of Indo-China), Italy two issues, with one each for Germany, Russia, Japan and Britain.

Canton SG1 Sc1 Hoi Hao SG1 Sc1      
France, General issue France,Canton France, Hoi Hao France, Mongtseu France, Pakhoi France, Tchongking France, Yunnan Fou
1894 SG1 SC1 1901 SG1 Sc1 1901 SG1 Sc1 1903 SG1 Sc1 1903 SG1 Sc1 1903 SG1 Sc1 1903 SG1 Sc1

Kwangchowan SG1 Sc1 Italy Offices Peking SG1 Sc1  
France, Kwangchow Germany Russia Japan Britain Italy, Peking Italy, Tientsin
1906 SG1 Sc1 1898 SG7 Sc1 1899 SG1 Sc1 1900 SG1A Sc1 1917 SG1 Sc1 1917 SG1 Sc1 1917 SG31 Sc1

Kiaochow 1901 SG11 Sc10
India CEF
Kiaochow India, CEF
1901 SG11 Sc10
1900 SG-C1 Sc-M1

For both the Italian stamps, the initial sets (September 1917) were hand-stamped locally and later sets (December 1917) overprinted mechanically in Italy. The first sets are expensive (the Peking stamps range from £50 to £70,000). The typographic overprints will be sought and shown.

Both Germany and France leased ports from China. In Germany's case, this followed a period of occupation after two missionaries were murdered. The early Kiaochow overprints are expensive and so the first real stamp is shown. France leased Kwangchow in 1898 under less controversial circumstances. In 1900 control was passed to the Governor-General of Indo-China and overprints of Indo-Chinese stamps were issued in 1906 and so the issue is included with Offices abroad.
India participated in the opposition to the Boxer Rising in 1900 and issued stamps overprinted CEF (China Expeditionary Force) for use by their troops.

Chinese Offices Abroad

China Off Tibet
1911 SG1 Sc-C1

Again, taken from the Occupation display.

China opened offices in Tibet, following their invasion in 1910. China installed a Panchen Lama to replace the Dalai Lama, opened offices in Lhasa, Chabdo, Gyantse, Pharijong Shigatse and Yatung, first using ordinary Chinese stamps and later with an overprint. After the Chinese Revolution, Tibet gradually regained control, a process not complete until 1918 when the Chabdo office closed. Tibet had, in the meantime, issued its own stamps in 1912.

China had offices in Korea from 1883 until 1901, but mail can only be distinguished by postmark as no specific stamps were issued.


page started March 2014