First Issues - 1865 to 1867

page 7.8

Austria-Hungary (cont.)

This narrative is based on Gibbons Part 2 Catalogue (6th edn. 2002), overlaid with Scott 2008. Austria issued its first stamp in 1850, listed as the Austrian Empire (Austrian Monarchy in Scott) which included Austria, Hungary and other smaller elements, the stamps being used throughout. In 1867, Hungary was given its own constitution and a separate government was formed, though Emperor Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary to establish a dual monarchy.
Gibbons defines a joint stamp issue for Austria-Hungary in 1867 and shows stamps SG-AH50-AH58 in the listings for both countries. It noted under Austria that in 1868, stamps were issued for Hungary and in 1874 for the remainder of the empire. The first stamp in the Austrian set was the 5k SG62 (the 2k SG59 in 1876) and the design had not changed from the AH50, though the detail on the facial hair is clearer.

Austria SG1 Sc1 Austria SG-AH50 Sc27 Austria SG62 Sc36 Austria SG299 Sc181   Austria SG906 Sc4N1 Austria SG923 Sc455
Austrian Empire Austria-Hungary Austria First Republic Allied Occupation, Russian Zone British, French and American Zones Second Republic
1850 SG1 Sc1 1867 SG-AH50 Sc27 1874 SG62 Sc36 1918 SG299 Sc181 1945 SG826 Sc390 1945 SG906 Sc4N1 1945 SG923 Sc455

Staying with Austria (the Hungary details are in Display 9), the next event is the First Republic at the end of WW1. Hungary became a separate state and the other provinces of the empire were distributed amongst other European countries. The first Republic issues were overprinted ‘German Austria’.

In 1938, Austria was absorbed into the German Reich and German stamps used until the Allied Occupation in 1945. Separate issues were made for the Russian Zone (initially German overprints) and for the British, French and American Zones. Later in 1945 the Second Republic was established and began with a set of pictorials.

There have been no postally significant changes since.


page written September 2013